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How to Use Google Dorks for SQL Injection: A Comprehensive List


List of Google Dorks for SQL Injection: A Comprehensive Guide




Google dorks are advanced search operators that can help you find specific information on Google. You can use Google dorks to locate vulnerable websites that are indexed by Google and that may be susceptible to SQL injection attacks. SQL injection is a technique that exploits web application vulnerabilities by injecting malicious SQL queries into user input fields. SQL injection can allow attackers to access, modify, or delete sensitive data, execute commands on the server, or take over the web application. In this article, we will provide you with a list of Google dorks for SQL injection that you can use to find potential targets and perform penetration testing.




List of google dorks for sql injection



What are Google Dorks?




Google dorks are search queries that use special syntax and operators to narrow down the results and filter out irrelevant or unwanted information. Google dorks can help you find specific files, pages, directories, keywords, or parameters on a website. For example, you can use Google dorks to find login pages, admin panels, error messages, configuration files, database dumps, or hidden folders. Google dorks can also help you find websites that use a certain technology, platform, software, or framework. For example, you can use Google dorks to find websites that run on WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, or Magento.


How to Use Google Dorks?




To use Google dorks, you simply type in a dork into the search box on Google and press "Enter". Here are some of the most common and useful Google dork operators that you can use to refine your search:


  • site: This operator restricts the search to a specific domain or site. For example, site:example.com will only show results from example.com.



  • inurl: This operator searches for a specific word or phrase in the URL of the web page. For example, inurl:login will show results that contain the word "login" in their URL.



  • intitle: This operator searches for a specific word or phrase in the title of the web page. For example, intitle:admin will show results that have the word "admin" in their title.



  • intext: This operator searches for a specific word or phrase in the body of the web page. For example, intext:password will show results that have the word "password" in their content.



  • filetype: This operator searches for a specific file type or extension. For example, filetype:pdf will show results that are PDF files.



  • - This operator excludes a specific word or phrase from the search results. For example, -site:example.com will show results that are not from example.com.



  • " " This operator searches for an exact match of a word or phrase. For example, "sql injection" will show results that contain the exact phrase "sql injection".



  • * This operator acts as a wildcard and can replace any word or character. For example, admin* will show results that start with "admin".



  • ( ) This operator groups multiple terms or operators together. For example, (site:edu site:gov) will show results that are from either .edu or .gov domains.



List of Google Dorks for SQL Injection




Here is a list of some of the most common and effective Google dorks for SQL injection that you can use to find vulnerable websites and perform penetration testing. Note that these dorks are not exhaustive and may not work on every website. You may need to modify them according to your target and situation.


  • inurl:index.php?id= This dork searches for websites that have an index.php page with an id parameter in their URL. This parameter may be vulnerable to SQL injection if it is not properly sanitized.



  • inurl:product.php?id= This dork searches for websites that have a product.php page with an id parameter in their URL. This parameter may be vulnerable to SQL injection if it is not properly sanitized.



  • inurl:view.php?id= This dork searches for websites that have a view.php page with an id parameter in their URL. This parameter may be vulnerable to SQL injection if it is not properly sanitized.



  • inurl:item.php?id= This dork searches for websites that have an item.php page with an id parameter in their URL. This parameter may be vulnerable to SQL injection if it is not properly sanitized.



  • inurl:news.php?id= This dork searches for websites that have a news.php page with an id parameter in their URL. This parameter may be vulnerable to SQL injection if it is not properly sanitized.



  • inurl:detail.php?id= This dork searches for websites that have a detail.php page with an id parameter in their URL. This parameter may be vulnerable to SQL injection if it is not properly sanitized.



  • inurl:page.php?name= This dork searches for websites that have a page.php page with a name parameter in their URL. This parameter may be vulnerable to SQL injection if it is not properly sanitized.



  • inurl:category.php?cat= This dork searches for websites that have a category.php page with a cat parameter in their URL. This parameter may be vulnerable to SQL injection if it is not properly sanitized.



  • "powered by phpBB" inurl:viewtopic.php?t= This dork searches for websites that are powered by phpBB forum software and have a viewtopic.php page with a t parameter in their URL. This parameter may be vulnerable to SQL injection if it is not properly sanitized.



  • "powered by vBulletin" inurl:showthread.php?t= This dork searches for websites that are powered by vBulletin forum software and have a showthread.php page with a t parameter in their URL. This parameter may be vulnerable to SQL injection if it is not properly sanitized.



The Conclusion




To be continued...


How to Prevent SQL Injection?




SQL injection is a serious threat to web applications that can result in data breaches, system compromise, or denial of service. Therefore, it is essential to prevent SQL injection by applying proper security measures and best practices. Here are some of the most effective ways to prevent SQL injection:


  • Use parameterized queries: Parameterized queries (also known as prepared statements) are a way of writing SQL queries that separate the query structure from the user input. This way, the user input is treated as a literal value rather than as part of the query. Parameterized queries prevent SQL injection by ensuring that the database can distinguish between code and data, regardless of what user input is supplied. Most programming languages and frameworks support parameterized queries, and they are easy to implement and maintain.



  • Use stored procedures: Stored procedures are pre-written SQL queries that are stored and executed on the database server. Stored procedures can also use parameterized queries to prevent SQL injection. Stored procedures have some advantages over parameterized queries, such as improved performance, reusability, and modularity. However, stored procedures can also introduce some risks, such as increased complexity, maintenance issues, and privilege escalation.



  • Use allow-list input validation: Allow-list input validation is a technique that checks the user input against a predefined set of rules or values before passing it to the query. Allow-list input validation can prevent SQL injection by rejecting any input that does not match the expected format, type, length, or range. Allow-list input validation can also help prevent other types of attacks, such as cross-site scripting (XSS) or command injection.



  • Use escaping: Escaping is a technique that adds a special character (such as a backslash) before certain characters in the user input that have a special meaning in SQL (such as quotes, semicolons, or comments). Escaping can prevent SQL injection by neutralizing the effect of these characters and preventing them from altering the query logic. Escaping can be useful when parameterized queries or stored procedures are not available or feasible. However, escaping can also be error-prone, inconsistent, or incomplete depending on the database type, character set, or encoding.



  • Use least privilege principle: The least privilege principle is a security concept that states that every user or process should have the minimum amount of privileges necessary to perform their tasks. The least privilege principle can prevent SQL injection by limiting the impact and damage of a successful attack. For example, if an attacker manages to inject a query that tries to delete a table, but the user account that executes the query does not have the delete permission, then the attack will fail.



  • Use web application firewall: A web application firewall (WAF) is a security tool that monitors and filters the incoming and outgoing web traffic between the web application and the internet. A WAF can prevent SQL injection by detecting and blocking malicious requests that contain SQL injection payloads. A WAF can also provide other benefits, such as logging, reporting, auditing, and alerting. However, a WAF can also have some drawbacks, such as false positives, performance overhead, or configuration issues.



The Conclusion




To be continued...


How to Test for SQL Injection?




SQL injection can be detected by testing the web application with various inputs that may trigger an error or an unexpected behavior from the database. There are two main types of SQL injection testing: manual and automated.


  • Manual testing: Manual testing involves using a web browser or a proxy tool (such as Burp Suite) to intercept and modify the requests and responses between the web application and the database. Manual testing requires a good understanding of SQL syntax and logic, as well as the ability to craft different payloads and analyze the results. Manual testing can be more accurate and flexible than automated testing, but it can also be time-consuming and tedious.



  • Automated testing: Automated testing involves using a tool (such as sqlmap) that can automatically scan the web application for SQL injection vulnerabilities and exploit them. Automated testing requires less technical skills and effort than manual testing, but it can also be less reliable and comprehensive. Automated testing can be useful for finding low-hanging fruits or performing a quick assessment, but it should not replace manual testing.



SQL Injection Examples




To illustrate how SQL injection works and what kind of damage it can cause, here are some examples of real-life SQL injection attacks that have occurred in the past:


  • The Heartland Payment Systems breach: In 2008, Heartland Payment Systems, one of the largest payment processing companies in the US, was hacked by a group of cybercriminals who used SQL injection to infiltrate their network and steal over 130 million credit card numbers. The breach cost Heartland over $140 million in fines, settlements, and remediation costs.



  • The Sony Pictures hack: In 2011, Sony Pictures Entertainment, a major film studio and entertainment company, was hacked by a group of hackers who claimed to be affiliated with Anonymous. The hackers used SQL injection to access Sony's database and leak over 1 million user accounts, passwords, emails, and other sensitive data. The hack also exposed Sony's internal documents, such as scripts, contracts, budgets, and salaries.



  • The TalkTalk hack: In 2015, TalkTalk, a UK-based telecommunications company, was hacked by a group of teenagers who used SQL injection to access TalkTalk's customer database and steal over 150,000 personal details, including names, addresses, phone numbers, and bank account numbers. The hack resulted in a loss of over 60 million for TalkTalk and a fine of 400,000 from the UK Information Commissioner's Office.



The Conclusion




To be continued...


The Conclusion




SQL injection is a common and dangerous web security vulnerability that can allow attackers to access, manipulate, or destroy sensitive data in a database. SQL injection can also lead to system compromise, denial of service, or data breaches. SQL injection can be prevented by using proper security measures and best practices, such as parameterized queries, stored procedures, allow-list input validation, escaping, least privilege principle, and web application firewall. SQL injection can be detected and exploited by using manual or automated testing tools, such as Burp Suite or sqlmap. SQL injection has been responsible for some of the most notorious cyberattacks in history, such as the Heartland Payment Systems breach, the Sony Pictures hack, and the TalkTalk hack. Therefore, it is essential for web developers and security professionals to understand how SQL injection works and how to protect their web applications from it. b99f773239


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